Geophysical Collaboration under the U.S.-U.S.S.R. Environmental Agreement of 1972: Peaceful Coexistence, Collaborative Circles, and Friendship Dynamics

This abstract has open access
Abstract Summary
When the U.S.-U.S.S.R. Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Environmental Protection was signed in 1972, the two nations had limited previous experience in joint scientific work in earth sciences outside the International Geophysical Year. Constraints in communication, scarce access to data and publications, and national security challenges of joint geophysical research inhibited scientific dialogue. While global circulations of scientific knowledge never truly ceased, professional ties between American and Soviet core-level science practitioners of two post-WWII generations had to be (re)invented in a new setting. The political détente and the environmental agreement created a necessity to develop channels and strategies of communication that had to differ even from the previous U.S.–U.S.S.R. scientific and student exchanges in the 1950s-1960s. Now American and Soviet scientists were to face each other in informal settings without an established protocol of interaction, in the lab and field, in real time. This paper explores the ways in which non-trivial real-life experiences (relocation, cohabitation and survival in the field, and exposure to different intellectual, aesthetic, and everyday cultures) shaped the relationships between American and Soviet core-level geoscientists, who participated in joint projects in seismology, paleoclimatology, and atmospheric studies under the 1972 agreement. Tracing the creation and dynamics of collaborative practices in these bilateral circles through the stories of participants, as told by themselves in interviews, their personal papers, institutional records, and popular press, offers an additional layer of understanding how exchange, sharing, and co-creation of scientific knowledge was made possible and consistent through personal connections.
Abstract ID :
HSS767
Submission Type
Chronological Classification :
20th century, late
Self-Designated Keywords :
Geophysical sciences, Soviet Union, USA, Cold War

Similar Abstracts by Type

Abstract ID
Abstract Title
Abstract Topic
Submission Type
Primary Author
HSS575
"A Place for Human Inquiry": Lomonosov’s Mineral Science
Aspects of Scientific Practice/Organization
Organized Session
Prof. Anna Graber
HSS355
"Atomic Spaghetti": Nuclear Energy and Agriculture in Italy, 1950s-1970s
Technology
Organized Session
Francesco Cassata
HSS320
"Beginning of the Entomological Enterprise in China": Jiangsu Provincial Bureau of Entomology and Its Locust Control, 1922-1931
Biology
Organized Session
Dr. Yubin Shen
HSS339
"Black Strokes upon White Paper": Changing Attitudes Towards Symbolic Algebra from the 19th into the 20th Century
Mathematics
Organized Session
Dr. Christopher Hollings
HSS587
"Despite the Asylum, Not Instead of It": Community Psychiatry in West Germany (1960-1980)
Medicine and Health
Organized Session
Chantal Marazia
HSS872
"Development" and Disarmament: The Twin Track of Pugwash in the Early 1970s
Thematic Approaches to the Study of Science
Organized Session
Dr. Alison Kraft
HSS776
"Ideal Specimens": Butterfly Nature Prints, Entomology, and the Decorative Arts in Early 20th Century Japan
Biology
Organized Session
Ms. Kerstin Pannhorst
HSS5847
"Imago": Stories from the Margins of Global Insect Studies, 18th to 20th Centuries
Biology
Organized Session
Dr. Dominik Huenniger
HSS512
"Journalization" of Science Publishing: Periodicity of Book Formats at Springer, North-Holland, OUP, and Interscience, 1950-1965
Aspects of Scientific Practice/Organization
Organized Session
Alrun Schmidtke

Similar Abstracts by Topic

Abstract ID
Abstract Title
Abstract Topic
Submission Type
Primary Author
HSS231024
A Musical Story of Time ♬
Tools for Historians of Science
Contributed Paper
Susanna Bloem
HSS618
A Note on Tone: Carl Stumpf’s Tone Psychology and the Violin
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Julia Kursell
HSS880
Behavior (Un)Archived: Research Films in East German Bioacoustics
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Sophia Gräfe
HSS623
Between Signal and Symbol: Sound, Speech, and the Data of Language
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Dr. Xiaochang Li
HSS328
Children of Science
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Carola Ossmer
HSS921
Diversity and Biodiversity: Applying Oral History to Community, Ecology, and Archeology in America’s Amazon
Tools for Historians of Science
Contributed Paper
Kathy Cooke
HSS583
Exploring New "Histories of Nature" with Marine Microbes: Living Matter at the Edge of Life
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Dr. astrid schrader
HSS73
Fact-Checking Herodotus across the Disciplines
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Prof. Suzanne Marchand
HSS658
From Analog to Digital: What Happens When a Historic Film Archive is Stored Electronically?
Tools for Historians of Science
Organized Session
Dr. Anja Sattelmacher